Plumerias are tropical plants and thrive in warm & sunny weather. Plumerias can be grown in most areas of the United States, but will do specially well in warmer climates like in Southern California. Plumerias can be grown in pot containers or directly in the ground. During the months of active growth, ample sun, fertilizer, and water are essential. Healthy plumeria will grow vigorously and bloom regularly and profusely when they receive a minimum 6 hours of daily sun light and fed with the proper fertilizer. Plumeria loves water, but can not tolerate wet feet, so they must be planted in highly organic fast draining potting soil mixed with perlite, with a slightly acidic ph level ranging from 6.0 to 6.7. Caring for the plumeria depends on the season of the year. If you live in a cold part of the country, bring your plants out of storage in the spring, watch them grow and bloom in the summer, prepare for dormancy in the fall and store it back in the winter. If you leave in a warm region where temperatures don't drop below 40 degrees during the winter, keeping the plants outside all year around is totally safe.
Spring & Summer
Summer - growth period
Spring & Summer are the active periods in the plumeria's cycle, it's the time to feed your plant with plenty of water, lots of sun light and the right fertilizer (low nitrogen and high phosphorous) is recommended, look in the fertilizer's label for a high middle number like 10-60-10, feeding it twice a month until Fall arrives. During overwhelming heat periods in the Summer daily watering maybe necessary, check the soil periodically making sure it's not bone dry, look for signs of distress in the plant, like limp leaves and desiccated branches. The proper care during this period will increase the blooming chances of the plant. Beginning of Spring is also the time to consider repotting, if the plant is out-growing its container.
Fall & Winter
Winter - dormant period
Fall & Winter are periods of dormancy and very little care is necessary, when temperatures in the day drop below 65 degrees the plumeria stop growing and prepares for 'hibernation', this is the time to stop feeding the plant with fertilizer and reduce watering. During winter no water is needed, the plumeria goes fully dormant dropping most of its leaves. If the temperature drops below 30 degrees, storing the plumerias indoors like a garage is highly recommended, if the cold is intense for long periods of time a heather device is a good idea. Before storing the plants for the Winter remove all it's remaining leaves to prevent fungus, pests growth (spider mites / white flies) and a big mess from falling leaves. Resume watering and feeding regiment in the beginning of Spring.